Poor relief

   During the Republic, the responsibility for the care of the “poor” (invalids, widows, orphans, and the elderly) rested with the churches. Public authorities intervened only when help or disci pline were required for those who could not be relegated to their place of origin (e.g., foreigners). As of the Middle Ages, almshouses, hospitals, and orphanages were commonplace; in the 17th century, houses of correction appeared; and at the end of the 18th century, workhouses were introduced. In the early 1800s, thousands of poor people from the cities, together with beggars and vagrants, were transported to wastelands in the provinces of Overijssel and Dren the for farming and colonization. All these initiatives had no lasting effect. Although the Poor Law of 1854 reinforced the role of the churches in poor relief, the state became more active by the end of the 19th century. State assistance for the poor was secured by law in 1963.

Historical Dictionary of the Netherlands. . 2012.

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  • Poor relief — Under the terms of the Elizabethan Poor Law 1601 poor relief was help given to the poor. Poor people receiving poor relief were known as paupers. Poor relief could be in several forms: *Money *Food *ClothingUnder the Poor Law Amendment Act 1834… …   Wikipedia

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  • poor relief — noun historical financial assistance given to the poor from state or local community funds …   English new terms dictionary

  • poor relief — Support provided the poor and destitute by a public body, better known in the present as welfare. See welfare; welfare laws …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • Poor Relief Act 1662 — The Poor Relief Act 1662 (13 14 Car. II c.12) was an Act of the Parliament of England. It was an Act for the Better Relief of the Poor of this Kingdom and is also known as the Settlement Act or, more honestly, the Settlement and Removal Act. The… …   Wikipedia

  • Poor Law — This article deals chiefly with the English Poor Laws covering England and Wales. For the laws regarding the other areas of the British Isles see Irish Poor Laws and Scottish Poor Law The Poor Law was the system for the provision of social… …   Wikipedia

  • Poor Law Amendment Act 1834 — The Poor Law Amendment Act 1834, sometimes abbreviated to PLAA,[1] was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom passed by the Whig government of Lord Melbourne that reformed the country s poverty relief system (with the exception of… …   Wikipedia

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  • Relief of the Poor Act 1782 — The Relief of the Poor Act 1782 (also known as Gilbert s Act) [ [http://users.ox.ac.uk/ peter/workhouse/poorlaws/1782intro.shtml 1782 Poor Relief Act (full text) ] ] was a British poor relief Act proposed by Thomas Gilbert which aimed to organise …   Wikipedia

  • Poor Law Union — A Poor Law Union was a unit used for local government in the United Kingdom from the 19th century. During this time, the administration of the Poor Law was the responsibility of parishes, which varied wildly in their financial resources and… …   Wikipedia

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